The Franco-Prussian War, which started in July 1870, saw France defeated in May 1871 by the Kingdom of Prussia and other German states. The idea was that such men would be more tractable and less likely to alienate the fief from the crown out of their own greed. Additionally, Alsace is known for its fruit juices and mineral waters. Churches (as main sights in otherwise less remarkable places): Bibliothèque humaniste in Sélestat, one of the oldest public libraries in the world, Departmental Centre of the History of Families (CDHF) in Guebwiller, the international airport of Strasbourg in, the EuroVelo 6 (Véloroute des fleuves from, the EuroVelo 15 (Véloroute Rhin / Rhine cycle route from. France did endeavour to promote Catholicism. During the First World War, to avoid ground fights between brothers, many Alsatians served as sailors in the Kaiserliche Marine and took part in the Naval mutinies that led to the abdication of the Kaiser in November 1918, which left Alsace-Lorraine without a nominal head of state. The presence of hominids can be traced back 600,000 years ago. With a GDP per capita of €24,804, it was the second-place région of France, losing only to Île-de-France. Some overzealous statesmen have called it a Nazi invention - while its origins date back to the 11th century and the Red and White banner[28] of Gérard de Lorraine (aka. The 1685 Edict of Fontainebleau, by which the French king ordered the suppression of French Protestantism, was not applied in Alsace. [8] With the decline of the Roman Empire, Alsace became the territory of the Germanic Alemanni. It took up winter quarters, demanded the submission of Metz and Strasbourg and launched an attack on Basel. [10] As in much of Europe, the prosperity of Alsace was brought to an end in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, and the Black Death. In a world of agriculture, Alsace has always been a rich region which explains why it has suffered so many invasions and annexations in its history. We Germans who know Germany and France know better what is good for the Alsatians than the unfortunates themselves. The French language never really managed, however, to win over the masses, the vast majority of whom continued to speak their German dialects and write in German (which we would now call "standard German"). It was used into the 20th century as a term for a ramshackle marketplace, "protected by ancient custom and the independence of their patrons". About 50 such "simultaneous churches" still exist in modern Alsace, though with the Catholic church's general lack of priests they tend to hold Catholic services only occasionally. A poignant retelling of this event based on what Goethe had personally witnessed can be found in his long poem Hermann and Dorothea. Unlike other member states of the German federation, which had governments of their own, the new Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine was under the sole authority of the Kaiser, administered directly by the imperial government in Berlin. Villes par Nombre d'Habitants en Alsace Liste des Plus Grosses Villes. These hardships were blamed on Jews, leading to the pogroms of 1336 and 1339. (2019) ... L'identité régionale n'est pas un argument contraire à la rationalité fondée sur la taille (superficie et population). But Alsace still contained islands of territory nominally under the sovereignty of German princes and an independent city-state at Mulhouse. As of 2015, Alsace is administered through Grand Est. Nombre de chômeurs et évolution du taux de chômage depuis 10 ans. This reform is still largely the basis of German teaching (but not Alsatian) in elementary schools today. Its highest point is the Grand Ballon in Haut-Rhin, which reaches a height of 1426 m. Alsace is the part of the plain of the Rhine located at the west of the Rhine, on its left bank. After much argument and discussion and after many temporary measures, a memorandum was issued by Vice-Chancellor Pfister in 1927 and governed education in primary schools until 1939. [14] In 1843 and 1844, sailing ships bringing immigrant families from Alsace arrived at the port of New York. Au 1er janvier 2019, la population légale est de 1 121 407 personnes dans le Bas-Rhin et 762 743 dans le Haut-Rhin, d'après la dernière publication de l'Insee basée sur les chiffres de 2016. This divergence in policy from the French majority is due to the region having been part of Imperial Germany when the 1905 law separating the French church and state was instituted (for a more comprehensive history, see: Alsace-Lorraine). The end of the war led to the unification of Germany. La région Alsace compte 1 845 687 habitants, la majorité de la population à entre 40 et 54 ans (402 749 habitants), vient ensuite la tranche d'âge entre 25 et 39 ans avec 362 964 habitants. A faire et à voir en Alsace. Under Clovis' Merovingian successors the inhabitants were Christianized. Traditional dishes include baeckeoffe, flammekueche, choucroute, and fleischnacka. There are two international airports in Alsace: Strasbourg is also two hours away by road from one of the largest European airports, Frankfurt Main, and 2-hour 30 minutes from Charles de Gaulle Airport through the direct TGV service, stopping in Terminal 2. [6] An alternative explanation is from a Germanic Ell-sass, meaning "seated on the Ill",[7] a river in Alsace. Jews were barred from most cities and instead lived in villages. In 1913, however, the Saverne Affair (French: Incident de Saverne) showed the limits of this new tolerance of the Alsatian identity. In recent times, villagers started to paint the rendering white in accordance with Beaux-Arts movements. Liste de tous les lieux pour se baigner proches de l'Alsace. Most major car journeys are made on the A35 autoroute, which links Saint-Louis on the Swiss border to Lauterbourg on the German border. Southern Alsace, also called the Sundgau, is characterized by carpe frite (that also exists in Yiddish tradition). Although the French king gained sovereignty, existing rights and customs of the inhabitants were largely preserved. Partagez vos avis sur les lycées publics en Alsace. Few young people speak Alsatian today, although there do still exist one or two enclaves in the Sundgau region where some older inhabitants cannot speak French, and where Alsatian is still used as the mother tongue. Tous les apparthotels de l'Alsace et ceux à proximité immédiate avec leurs coordonnées. It was returned to France in 1919 after World War I, ceded again to Germany during World War II, and again retroceded to France in 1945. Many Alsatians also began to sail to the United States, settling in many areas from 1820 to 1850. Having been early and always densely populated, Alsace is famous for its high number of picturesque villages, churches and castles and for the various beauties of its three main towns, in spite of severe destructions suffered throughout five centuries of wars between France and Germany. As it underlines the Germanic roots of the region, it was replaced in 1949 by a new "Union jack-like" flag representing the union of the two départements. Since the 17th century, the region has passed between German and French control numerous times, resulting in a cultural blend. Estimates of the French Works Commissioner however, raised some doubts over the interest of such a project, since it would pick up only about 10% of the traffic of the A35 at Strasbourg. They were successful as moneylenders and had the favor of the Emperor. Many accepted without discrimination Catholics, Lutherans, Calvinists, Jews and Anabaptists. The 2019 figures are calculated by using vital statistics and an estimate of net migration. This situation prevailed until 1639, when most of Alsace was conquered by France to keep it out of the hands of the Spanish Habsburgs, who by secret treaty in 1617 had gained a clear road to their valuable and rebellious possessions in the Spanish Netherlands, the Spanish Road. During the war, 130,000 young men from Alsace and Lorraine were conscripted into the German armies against their will (malgré-nous). "La Marseillaise" was played for the first time in April of that year in front of the mayor of Strasbourg Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich. France ceded more than 90% of Alsace and one-fourth of Lorraine, as stipulated in the treaty of Frankfurt; Belfort, the largest Alsatian town south of Mulhouse, remained French. Port traffic of Alsace exceeds 15 million tonnes, of which about three-quarters is centred on Strasbourg, which is the second busiest French fluvial harbour. Le producteur des données émet les notes suivantes : compilation de données. Vous trouverez ci-dessous un ensemble de graphiques courbes et statistiques du recensement de la population de la ville de Colmar. In 1950, the population of Strasbourg was 261,726. Following the Protestant Reformation, promoted by local reformer Martin Bucer, the principle of cuius regio, eius religio led to a certain amount of religious diversity in the highlands of northern Alsace. The name Alsace can be traced to the Old High German Ali-saz or Elisaz, meaning "foreign domain". Half-timbered houses were easy to knock down and to move around during those times (a day was necessary to move it and a day to rebuild it in another place). Carte des endroits oú se baigner en Alsace. In 357 AD, Germanic tribes attempted to conquer Alsace but they were rebuffed by the Romans. Today, the territory is in certain areas subject to some laws that are significantly different from the rest of France – this is known as the local law. Habitants de l'Alsace. In more recent years, the Alsatian language is again being promoted by local, national, and European authorities as an element of the region's identity. Frederick I set up Alsace as a province (a procuratio, not a provincia) to be ruled by ministeriales, a non-noble class of civil servants. The traditional language of the région is Alsatian, an Alemannic dialect of Upper German spoken on both sides of the Rhine and closely related to Swiss German. After the conclusion of the war, France was again free to pursue its desire to reach the Rhine and in 1444 a French army appeared in Lorraine and Alsace. Because the Vosges are surmountable only by the Col de Saverne and the Belfort Gap, it has been suggested that Alsace needs to open up and get closer to France in terms of its rail links. Les cantons d’Alsace : population, emploi et demandeurs d’emploi, novembre 2019 - 7 L’EMPLOI TOTAL Densité des effectifs en 2018 Fin 2018, l’Alsace compte 554 065 salariés dans le secteur privé par rapport à 552 254 en 2007. The A4 toll road (towards Paris) begins 20 km northwest of Strasbourg and the A36 toll road towards Lyon, begins 10 km west from Mulhouse. In 1469, following the Treaty of St. Omer [fr], Upper Alsace was sold by Archduke Sigismund of Austria to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.

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